A Safer Tomorrow - Institutionalizing disaster preparedness in the education system in Pakistan

Country: 
Pakistan
Region: 
Districts Chitral and Malakand in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
Project Duration: 
01/04/2013 to 30/09/2014
Status: 
Completed
Donor(s): 
European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO), Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC), HOPE’87
Project Description: 

Project Description

In line with the DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) strategy of HOPE'87 this intervention aims to enhance the Disaster Preparedness capacity of both the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Education Department (KP ED) responsible for devising, implementing and evaluating policies for schools and colleges up to grade 12 and on the other hand of district education authorities and local schools, which are responsible for training and teaching of DRR curriculum, co-curricular activities and school safety planning.

With a range of capacity building activities involving below mentioned primary stakeholders a comprehensive DRR approach based on the KP ED draft DRR policy and Ahmedabad Action Agenda for School Safety will be promoted. This approach includes

1) integration of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the formal curriculum together with necessary tools (School Safety and School Improvement Plans, structures, curricula etc.),

2) teacher and student led school safety planning to promote DRR related activities

3) Supporting the KP Education Department and local structures to undertake school based disaster preparedness (SBDP).

The action suggests policy level support and capacity building of education institutions for adoption of Disaster Preparedness trainings, integration of DRR and school safety in annual School Improvement Plans (SIP) and linkages to the available resources or local development initiatives. Through the reinforcement of local capacities, institutionalization of School Based Disaster Preparedess (SBDP) processes at the provincial and district Education Departments will be achieved from within the system. Replication will be ensured through policy level interventions for integration of the DRR curriculum including the necessary planning and budgetary approvals and district level implementation for teacher trainings, teaching of DRR curriculum as a compulsory subject and safety planning.

Primary stakeholders of the action to be engaged through activities such as specialized workshops, working group meetings, capacity building, technical information sharing, policy lobbying are: Provincial Education Department for policy level decisions, DCTE (Directorate Curriculum and Teacher Education) for approval of curricula (of teacher trainings and for schools) and for planning teacher trainings at the overall province level, EDO-education for district level implementation of both teacher trainings and student curricula and approval of annual SIPs, School administration and teachers, constituion and formation of PTC/SDMC at school level for taking leadership in implementation of SBDP at school level and as a focal body for interaction with CBDMCs at village level, P&D Dept. for annual budget planning and financial allocations for DRR policy planning and implementation and assisting line departments (including KP ED) in preparing and follow-up of department specific DRR policies.

Building upon HOPE'87's previous DIPECHO action that primed the Education Department for province wide integration of DRR, the proposed intervention needs a slightly different approach for each of the two selected districts. In Chitral the district education authorities are better capacitated for expansion and a pool of trained teachers is already available whereas the Malakand district education authorities will need more efforts for capacity building. The teacher training institutes at both the districts will need similar level of support.

In partnership with the KP Education Ministry, UN agencies, I/NGO, DIPECHO partners the commonly agreed SBDP model will be evolved. The advocacy workshops with wide participation at district, provincial and national level (jointly with DIPECHO partners) facilitate sharing of information and synergizing efforts.

 

Cross cutting issues: 

Hazard Risk Reduction, Disability, Gender Equality, Environmental Sustainability

 

Project Background: 

Pakistan is not only affected by political unrest and violent conflict, but is also regularly hit by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, droughts and cyclones. Hundreds of thousands of people have lost all their belongings and homes – many of them even their life – during these catastrophes in the last years. The resulting economic damage is enormous.

As a matter of fact, many of the dramatic consequences of these disasters can be traced back to shortcomings in disaster preparedness. There are many risk factors that can multiply the negative effects of disasters. These are for example bad construction techniques and no abiding of construction laws, weak or nonexistent early warning systems, lack of awareness regarding natural disasters, weak capacities and lack of coordination among the responsible stakeholders. The ones that suffer most from the consequences are often already among the poorest of Pakistani society and children are especially affected. School children in rural areas are particularly exposed to the risks of natural disasters as preparedness activities, risk management and safe school construction are extremely neglected areas throughout the education system.